Path to Citizenship
Most of the 11 million people who are in the country illegally could apply for a green card after 10 years and citizenship three years after that.
Applicants must pay a $1,000 fine, pay back taxes, learn English, remain employed and pass a criminal background check.
Immigrants must have arrived in the United States before Jan. 1, 2012, to be eligible.
Dream Act youth can obtain green cards in five years and citizenship immediately thereafter.
സഹോദരരെ കൊണ്ടുവരുന്നത് ഇല്ലാതാകും
Changes to family visa program
Allows unlimited number of visas per year for foreign spouses, children and parents of U.S. citizens and permanent legal residents.
Eighteen months after the law takes effect, eliminates visas reserved for foreign brothers and sisters of U.S. citizens, and married children over 30 years of age.
Eliminates diversity visa program starting in 2015. Creates new merit-based visa category using point system based on family ties and work skills.
Visas for highly skilled engineers and computer programs would double from 65,000 to 110,000. In future years, the cap could rise to as much as 180,000.
Require employers with large numbers of H-1B visas to pay
higher salaries and fees.
Guest worker “W-visa” program
New visa program for 20,000 foreigners in low-skilled jobs starting in 2015. Number of visas increases to 75,000 in 2019.
New federal bureau to analyze employment data to make recommendations for annual guest-worker visas caps beginning in 2020, to exceed no more than 200,000 annually.
Construction companies limited to no more than 15,000 visas per year.
“Safety-valve” to allow additional visas over the annual cap
provided employers pay workers higher wages.
The Department of Homeland Security will receive $3 billion to improve border security through surveillance drones and 3,500 additional customs agents; $1.5 billion for fencing.
Within five years, DHS must achieve 100 percent surveillance of the southwest border with Mexico and apprehend 90 percent of people trying to cross illegally in high-risk sectors (areas where more than 30,000 people are apprehended annually).
If DHS does not meet the metrics, a border commission composed of governors and attorneys general from border states would be given five more years and additional funding to implement more stringent measures.
U.S. companies must implement the “E-verify” computer tracking system that aims to ensure that workers are legal residents within five years. All non-citizens will be required to show "biometric work authorization card" or "biometric green card."
The government must implement an exit/entry tracking system
at ports of entry to determine whether foreign visitors or workers overstay
Farm worker H-2A
Visas for agriculture workers limited to 337,000 over three years
Wages based on survey of labor-market data for various farming jobs.
Asian American Groups Welcome Senate Leadership, Call on Congress to Strengthen Family Immigration Overhaul
Senate bill restricts families from reuniting with critical loved ones, addresses the backlog
a group of senators, dubbed the "Gang of Eight," released a
comprehensive immigration reform bill, Border Security, Economic
Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act of 2013. The Asian American
Center for Advancing Justice (Advancing Justice)--Asian American Institute
(AAI), Asian American Justice Center (AAJC), Asian Law Caucus (ALC) and Asian
Pacific American Legal Center (APALC)--welcomes the group's leadership in
bringing immigration reform to the forefront. Unfortunately, the family
immigration overhaul proposes changes that will dramatically restrict families
from reuniting with certain loved ones and excludes LGBT couples from the
"We applaud the bi-partisan Senate leadership for
putting forth a proposal that is a substantial step in the right direction
toward fixing our broken immigration system and a solid starting point for
addressing the current backlogs," said Mee Moua, president and executive
director of AAJC. "Nevertheless, we are deeply concerned about the
elimination of visa categories pertaining to siblings and married adult
children over the age of 30. AAJC looks forward to working with the Senate to
ensure all families are protected as the bill goes through the legislative
The family immigration system is crucial to the social and
economic success of immigrant families, and the comprehensive immigration
reform bill must take into consideration the millions of Asian, Latino and
African and Caribbean immigrant families who
aspire to reunite with their loved ones.
"We are pleased to see real political will around
immigration reform, but continue to be concerned about the impact of proposed
legislation on family reunification," said Tuyet Le, executive director of
AAI. "Families play a critical role in our day-to-day lives, and we will
continue to advocate for reform legislation that keeps families together."
"This marks a radical departure from our long-standing
American tradition of holding family unity at the core of our immigration
system. The proposal needlessly asks immigrants to choose between their jobs
and their families," said Chris Punongbayan, acting executive director of
"While we are encouraged by the introduction of an
immigration reform bill, immigrants succeed in this country in large part
because of their families-they start businesses together, raise their families,
set down roots and prosper together," said Stewart Kwoh, executive
director of APALC. "Eliminating the ability of U.S. citizens to sponsor their
loved ones-brothers, sisters and adult married children 31 years of age and
older-runs counter to the family values that are a cornerstone of our nation.
It is also counterproductive since it limits the ability of immigrant families
to contribute to the entrepreneurship and innovation that have been vital
drivers of economic growth throughout our nation's history. We call on
Congress to uphold family values along with entrepreneurship during the amendment
process by strengthening both the family and employment-based immigration
Advancing Justice notes that the current bill does not yet include Filipino American WWII veterans who have waited far too long to reunite with their family members and LGBT couples and families who continue to be excluded from the family-immigration system.
Per an initial review of the bill, we are encouraged by the following proposed changes to the family-immigration system:
Redefines the "immediate relatives" definition to include spouses and minor children of green card holders, allowing an expedited process not subject to numerical caps on green cards.
Allows parents of U.S. citizens who immigrate to the U.S. to bring their minor children with them, keeping families together.
Eliminates the family backlog over a period of ten years.
Permits family members awaiting green cards to work and live in the U.S.
Allows other family members to visit the U.S. for up to 60 days per year.
However, we are mindful of the following proposed changes that are a dramatic departure from our long-standing value of family unity:
Eliminates the "F4" visa category so that U.S. citizens will no longer be able to sponsor their brothers and sisters.
Places an age cap on the "F3" visa category so that U.S. citizens can only sponsor their adult married children who are thirty years old or younger.
Continues to exclude LGBT couples and families from sponsoring their loved ones for family reunification.
With these initial observations, we will work with Congress
on the existing framework to ensure that this system sufficiently addresses the
needs of all American immigrant families, specifically one that is fully
inclusive of adult siblings and children of all ages.
More details here